Case D5/2022

Young & Anor v. Chief Executive Officer (Housing)

Case No.

Case no D5/2022

Case Information

Lower Court Judgment

04/02/2022 Supreme Court of the Northern Territory (Court of Appeal) (Grant CJ, Southwood and Barr JJ)

[2022] NTCA 1


Leases and tenancies – Residential tenancies – Damages for distress and disappointment – Where Ms Young leased home from respondent – Where home without font door in doorframe for 68 months – Where appellants commenced proceedings in Northern Territory Civil and Administrative Tribunal ("Tribunal") seeking compensation under s 122(1) of Residential Tenancies Act 1999 (NT) ("RTA") for breach of landlord's obligations to repair premises (s 57 of RTA), to provide reasonably secure home (s 49 RTA) or, alternatively, to ensure premises "habitable" (s 48 of RTA) – Where Tribunal found landlord failed to comply with obligation of repair (s 57) and awarded $100 compensation – Where Supreme Court set aside Tribunal's decision, holding failure to install door fundamental breach of respondent's obligation to provide reasonably secure premises, and awarded $10,200 compensation for resulting disappointment and distress for period of 68 months – Where Court of Appeal allowed appeal, determining only compensation for disappointment and distress resulting from physical inconvenience recoverable – Whether to recover damages for emotional disturbance or "mental distress" claim brought under s 122 of RTA it necessary to apply principles of remoteness and foreseeability – Whether claim for compensation for emotional disturbance of "mental distress" able to be founded on breach of s 49.


16/09/2022 Hearing (SLA, Canberra by video connection)

30/09/2022 Notice of appeal

04/11/2022 Written submissions (Appellants)

04/11/2022 Chronology (Appellants)

02/12/2022 Written submissions (Respondent)

23/12/2022 Reply

16/03/2023 Hearing (Full Court, Canberra) (Audio-visual recording)

16/03/2023 Outline of oral argument (Appellants)

16/03/2023 Outline of oral argument (Respondent)

01/11/2023 Judgment (Judgment summary)