Full Court Minute Books

Case M86/2021

Google LLC v. Defteros

Case No.


Case Information

Lower Court Judgment

17/06/2021 Supreme Court of Victoria (Court of Appeal) (Beach, Kaye and Niall JJA)

[2021] VSCA 167


Defamation – Publication – Qualified privilege defence – Common law qualified privilege – Statutory qualified privilege – Where respondent alleged that certain webpages were published by appellant and were defamatory – Where two webpages consisted of set of search results displayed on website www.google.com.au in response to search of respondent's name and hyperlinked article, included in search results, entitled "Underworld loses valued friend at court" (Web Matter) –  Where appellant alleged it was for "common convenience and welfare of society" for appellant to return search results that hyperlinked articles published by reputable sources – Where appellant claimed material was matter of considerable public interest such that recipients had necessary interest in material for purposes of s 30(1) of Defamation Act 2005 (Vic) – Whether appellant published Web Matter – Whether common law qualified privilege defence applies – Whether the statutory qualified privilege defence in s 30(1) applies.


10/12/2021 Hearing (SLA, Canberra by video-connection)

24/12/2021 Notice of appeal

21/01/2022 Written submissions (Appellant)

21/01/2022 Chronology (Appellant)

18/02/2022 Written submissions (Respondent)

11/03/2022 Reply

03/05/2022 Hearing (Full Court, Canberra) (Audio-visual recording)

03/05/2022 Outline of oral argument (Appellant)

03/05/2022 Outline of oral argument (Respondent)

17/08/2022 Judgment (Judgment summary)