Full Court Minute Books

Case S103/2021

Delil Alexander (by his litigation guardian Berivan Alexander) v. Minister for Home Affairs & Anor

Case No.


Case Information


Constitutional law – Legislative power – Citizenship – Cessation of Australian citizenship – Where s 36B of Australian Citizenship Act 2007 (Cth) provided Minister may make determination person ceases to be Australian citizen if Minister satisfied person dual citizen and person engaged in terrorist activities – Where plaintiff Australian citizen by birth and also Turkish citizen – Where, in 2013, plaintiff entered Al Raqqa Province of Syria – Where Al Raqqa province declared area for purposes of terrorism offences – Where, in 2018, plaintiff arrested and incarcerated by Syrian Government – Where plaintiff found guilty of terrorism offences against Syrian Penal Code on basis of evidence allegedly procured by torture – Where Australian Security and Intelligence Organisation advised Minister plaintiff likely engaged in foreign incursions and recruitment by remaining in declared area – Where, on 2 July 2021, Minister determined plaintiff ceased to be Australian citizen under s 36B – Where plaintiff pardoned under Syrian law, but remains in indefinite detention because no lawful right to be in Syria, cannot be removed to Turkey because citizenship under different name, and cannot be removed to Australia because of citizenship cessation – Whether s 36B within scope of aliens power in s 51(xix) of Constitution, defence power in s 51(vi) of Constitution, external affairs power in s 51(xxix) of Constitution or implied nationhood power – Whether implied constitutional limitation on legislative power preventing “people of Commonwealth” from being deprived of their status as such – Whether constitutionally prescribed system of representative government incompatible with s 36B, which operates to permanently disenfranchise Australian citizens – Whether s 36B impermissibly disqualifies plaintiff from eligibility to sit as member of Parliament, contrary to ss 34 and 44 of Constitution – Whether s 36B punitive and unlawful exercise of judicial power by Parliament – Whether s 36B within legislative competence of Commonwealth Parliament.


23/07/2021 Application for constitutional writs

23/07/2021 Notice of Constitutional Matter (Plaintiff)

23/07/2021 Application for directions

11/10/2021 Hearing (Single Justice, Canberra and video connection)

22/10/2021 Amended Special Case

26/10/2021 Order referring matter to the Full Court

12/11/2021 Written submissions (Plaintiff)

10/12/2021 Written submissions (Defendants)

24/01/2022 Reply

16/02/2022 Hearing (Full Court, Canberra) (Audio-visual recording)

16/02/2022 Outline of oral argument (Plaintiff)

16/02/2022 Outline of oral argument (Defendants)

17/02/2022 Hearing (Full Court, Canberra) (Audio-visual recording)

08/06/2022 Judgment (Judgment summary)